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Paris Peace Conference
Bulgaria signed an armistice for cessation of hostilities on September 29, 1918; the Ottoman Empire followed on October 30. Germany signed an armistice on November 11, 1918, following the abdication of the Kaiser. Settlement talks began on January 18, 1919, and lasted until January 21, 1920, in a series of discussions known as the Paris Peace Conference. The winning powers did not invite Russia to attend the conference, as it had previously withdrawn from the war under its new socialist leadership. German leadership was excluded from the talks until their conclusion. Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France, David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, and Vittorio Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy, better known as “The Big Four”, dominated these discussions. Wilson introduced his Fourteen Points during the Paris Peace Talks, including the idea for an international governing body known as the League of Nations. Clemenceau and Lloyd George, interested in protecting their own national interests, opposed many of Wilson's idealistic proposals.
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Wilson was president throughout World War I. He attempted to keep America out of the war and even won reelection with the slogan "He kept us out of war." Nonetheless, after the sinking of the Lusitania, continued run-ins with German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram, America became involved. with the Lusitania, the continued harassment of American ships by German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram meant that America joined the allies in April, 1917.
Woodrow Wilson was President when the 19th amendment was ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote.
Wilson piloted the ship that brought America onto the world stage. He made the first steps of leading us out of isolationism, violating Washington's tenet of avoiding foreign entanglements.
He led America during World War I. His fervent hope was for the US to join a League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations.
A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "Life does not consist in thinking, it consists in acting."
A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straitjacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness."
A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being."
The Seventeenth Amendment was formally adopted on May 31, 1913. Wilson had been president for almost three months at the time. The amendment provided for the direct election of senators. Prior to its adoption, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.
Wilson was the first president to receive a PhD which he got in Political Science from Johns Hopkins University. He had received his undergraduate degree from the College of New Jersey, renamed Princeton University in 1896.
Woodrow Wilson could not read during the first decade of his life. Though undiagnosed, he may have suffered from a learning disability
Woodrow Wilson was known as "Tommy" until his college years.
Woodrow Wilson during his boyhood, helped establish the "Lightfoot Baseball Club" with his friends. Wilson played second base and was an avid sport fan throughout his adult life.
Woodrow Wilson was the first president to attend the Major League Baseball Fall Classic. He saw the debut of a young 20 year old pitcher by the name of George Herman "Babe" Ruth.
Woodrow Wilson was a graduate of Princeton University and Johns Hopkins University and the only president to hold an earned doctoral degree.
Woodrow Wilson image is on the $100,000 bill although it is no longer in circulation
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