Chesapeake Bay Area

George Washington
Popes Creek Plantation 
Birthplace 

The original home, Wakefield, burned on Christmas Day in 1779.  In 1931, the Memorial House and Colonial Kitchen were built on the property as a memorial to Washington and to depict the social standing of the Washington family and culture of 18th-century Virginia.  The site is maintained by the National Park Service.  Open to the public. 

Address: George Washington Birthplace National Monument; Rural Route 1; Box 717; Washington's Birthplace, VA 22443 

Phone Number: (804) 224-1732 

Website: www.nps.gov/gewa


James Madison
Conway House
Birthplace

James Madison was born at Conway House.  In the 1930's, the house fell into the Rappahannock River, in the area now spanned by the James Madison Memorial Bridge. There is a historic marker recognizing Madison's birthplace on the south side of the river.

Address: 4 miles north of Port Royal Virginia on US Route 301; Port Conway, VA


James Monroe
Birthplace

James Monroe was born on a site now owned by Westmoreland County and spent his youth working on the family farm until leaving to pursue his education at the College of William and Mary.  The birthplace itself was dismantled before 1850.  However, the James Monroe Memorial Foundation is currently reconstructing the family farm to return it to its 18th century appearance.  The house is scheduled to be completed in 2008 with a commemorative ceremony on April 28, 2008, the 250th anniversary of Monroe's birth.  Open to the public. 

Address: Monroe Hall; Virginia SR 205; Westmoreland County near Colonial Beach, VA 22443 

Websites: http://monroefoundation.org/birthplace.html



While in the Chesapeake Bay area, visit other local attractions and accommodations.

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Wilson was president throughout World War I. He attempted to keep America out of the war and even won reelection with the slogan "He kept us out of war." Nonetheless, after the sinking of the Lusitania, continued run-ins with German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram, America became involved. with the Lusitania, the continued harassment of American ships by German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram meant that America joined the allies in April, 1917.

Woodrow Wilson was President when the 19th amendment was ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote.

Wilson piloted the ship that brought America onto the world stage. He made the first steps of leading us out of isolationism, violating Washington's tenet of avoiding foreign entanglements.

He led America during World War I. His fervent hope was for the US to join a League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations.

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "Life does not consist in thinking, it consists in acting."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straitjacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being."

The Seventeenth Amendment was formally adopted on May 31, 1913. Wilson had been president for almost three months at the time. The amendment provided for the direct election of senators. Prior to its adoption, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Wilson was the first president to receive a PhD which he got in Political Science from Johns Hopkins University. He had received his undergraduate degree from the College of New Jersey, renamed Princeton University in 1896.

Woodrow Wilson could not read during the first decade of his life. Though undiagnosed, he may have suffered from a learning disability

Woodrow Wilson was known as "Tommy" until his college years.

Woodrow Wilson during his boyhood, helped establish the "Lightfoot Baseball Club" with his friends. Wilson played second base and was an avid sport fan throughout his adult life.

Woodrow Wilson was the first president to attend the Major League Baseball Fall Classic. He saw the debut of a young 20 year old pitcher by the name of George Herman "Babe" Ruth.

Woodrow Wilson was a graduate of Princeton University and Johns Hopkins University and the only president to hold an earned doctoral degree.

Woodrow Wilson image is on the $100,000 bill although it is no longer in circulation